Reports & Publications

July 2017
H. Stephen Kaye
A line graph titled, "Figure 1. Average annual HCBS spending per non-I/DD enrollee, 2001–13, actual and reduced as if BCRA caps had been in place."  A blue line shows the average national per-enrollee HCBS spending for programs targeted to people without I/DD. Beginning in 2005, a green and a red line diverge from the blue line, showing the impact that per capita caps might have had.  By 2013, the green line is 23% lower and the red line 30% lower than the blue line.

The Better Care Reconciliation Act (BCRA) proposes to cap Federal Medicaid reimbursements to the states on a per-enrollee basis, effectively limiting growth to a rate at first only modestly exceeding the rate of inflation in healthcare costs and then falling below inflation. If the BCRA were to be enacted, it is reasonable to assume that most states would limit home and community-based services (HCBS) spending to the per-enrollee cap amount; otherwise, any excess comes entirely out of the state budget.

May 2017
Carrie Graham, Mel Neri, Edward Bozwell Bueno
The logo of Cal MediConnect

As part of the University of California’s three-year evaluation of the Cal MediConnect (CMC) program, this research brief examines the efforts of CMC health plans to identify and transition members from long-term care institutions to home and community-based settings. Findings describe the progress many CMC plans have made in accelerating transitions out of institutional care, including successful strategies and challenges encountered in the process, as well as the barriers that still remain.

July 2017
Mary Lou Breslin
A map of the U.S. showing states with managed LTSS programs in blue and the other states in gray.

We reviewed managed long-term services and supports (LTSS) contracts for nine states in order to understand the extent to which they promote physical and programmatic accessibility for enrollees with disabilities. Medicare/Medicaid duals demonstration contracts for Virginia, Illinois, Massachusetts, Michigan, New York, and South Carolina contain provisions that represent a ground shift in federal expectations and requirements for physical and programmatic accessibility of managed care organizations (MCOs) and the providers with whom they contract.

June 2017
H. Stephen Kaye
A line graph showing the divergence between actual average HCBS spending in 2001-13 with the amounts calculated if AHCA-like caps had been in place.

AN UPDATED VERSION OF THIS REPORT, BASED ON THE SENATE'S DRAFT BETTER CARE RECONCILIATION ACT, IS NOW AVAILABLE.

October 2016
Terrence Ng, Charlene Harrington, MaryBeth Musumeci, and Petry Ubri
Figure showing growth in Medicaid HCBS participants, by program, 2003-2013

This report summarizes the key national trends to emerge from the latest (2013) participant and expenditure data for the three main Medicaid HCBS programs: (1) the mandatory home health services state plan benefit, (2) the optional personal care services state plan benefit, and (3) optional § 1915 (c) HCBS waivers. It also briefly discusses the provision of Medicaid HCBS through § 1115 demonstration waivers and highlights findings from a 2015 survey of Medicaid HCBS participant eligibility, enrollment, and provider reimbursement policies, including those related to the U.S.

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