In January 2018, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) issued guidance that would allow states to use 1115 Waivers to add “work and community engagement” requirements for working-age Medicaid beneficiaries. This report examines the extent to which disability affects working-age Medicaid beneficiaries, and identifies the subset of beneficiaries with disabilities and work-limiting health conditions who would likely be exempt from proposed Medicaid work requirements or would benefit from modified requirements.
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In 2014, California became one of 13 states to implement a financial and administrative alignment demonstration called the Coordinated Care Initiative (CCI). In California, existing Medicare and Medi-Cal (California’s Medicaid program) managed care health plans in seven counties created new products called “Cal MediConnect” (CMC). Researchers from the University of California conducted an evaluation of the impact of the CMC program on beneficiaries and health systems.
Over the course of the last decade, the United States has seen a significant increase in the use of Managed Long Term Services and Supports (MLTSS) within the Medicaid program. In order to ensure that MLTSS systems deliver high-quality services to people with disabilities and do not involve inadequate or overly medicalized service provision, states adopt certain requirements within their procurement for and contracting with MCOs.
Many people with disabilities who get paid help with daily activities also need help with health maintenance tasks, such as ostomy care, ventilator management, bowel and bladder care, tube feeding, insulin injections, and management of other medications. In many states, laws prohibit paid workers without nursing or other medical licenses from performing such tasks. In others, nurses are permitted to delegate such tasks to these workers. In some instances, such workers can perform health maintenance tasks under the direction of the consumer, without nurse delegation or supervision.
Researchers from the University of California have conducted an evaluation of the impact of the Cal MediConnect (CMC) program on beneficiaries and health systems. One goal of CMC was to decrease expenditures through incentives to redirect care away from institutional settings and toward more home- and community-based services (HCBS). This research brief includes results from an in-depth examination of the efforts of CMC health plans to administer HCBS through their new managed long-term services and supports programs.